The popularity of electric vehicles, or EVs, is rising as we head towards a greener future. But where and how to charge an EV is one of the biggest issues surrounding them. We’ll go over all you need to know about EV charging in this article.
EV Recharging Facilities
With more individuals choosing to drive electric cars, EV charging stations are proliferating. These stations resemble conventional gas stations, with the exception that you plug your car into the EV charging station to replenish your battery rather than filling it up with gas. While some businesses, like ChargePoint and EVgo, have networks of charging stations that are compatible with many EV models, many others, like Tesla, have their own proprietary charging stations.
Level 1, Level 2, and DC Fast Charging are the three categories of charging stations.
Level 1 Battery
The slowest charging option is level 1, yet it is also the most accessible. A regular 120-volt outlet—the same kind of outlet you use for appliances in your house—is needed for level 1 charging. Your battery should be recharged at a rate of about 4 miles of driving range per hour when using this kind of charger.
Level 2 Battery
Although Level 2 charging needs a stronger outlet, it is faster than Level 1 charging. While using a Level 2 charging station at home, a 240-volt outlet must be installed. An additional requirement for level 2 charging is a specific cable designed to withstand the higher power.
You may anticipate recharging your battery at a rate of about 25 miles of driving range per hour while using a Level 2 charging station. Public spaces like parking garages and retail malls also have Level 2 charging stations available.
DC Rapid Recharge
The quickest charging method currently in use is DC Fast Charging. These kinds of chargers are available in public spaces beside major thoroughfares, however they need a specific station. With just 30 minutes of charging time, you may anticipate receiving a 100-mile driving range boost from DC Fast Charging.
How to Charge an EV
There are several guidelines you may adhere to when charging your electric vehicle to get the most of the experience:
Prepare ahead of time: Determine your route and the locations of the closest charging stations before you get behind the wheel. Numerous applications are available to assist you in locating charging stations on your path.
Charge to 80%: It’s preferable to charge your battery to 80% and then route your travels to avoid the next charging station’s location because charging to 100% could take longer.
Charge during off-peak hours: You can reduce your electricity costs by charging during off-peak hours. Electricity companies in certain areas might even give EV owners who charge their cars during off-peak hours discounted pricing.
Recognise that high or low temperatures might affect the performance of your battery. When it’s hot outside, make sure your car is parked in a shady spot and keep it out of the severe cold.
Costs of Charging EVs
Depending on the kind of charging station you use and where you live, charging an EV can cost different amounts. Since Level 1 charging only requires plugging your car into a regular 120-volt outlet at home, it is typically the least expensive option. Depending on your power rate, charging at a Level 2 charging station may be more expensive, but it will recharge your battery more quickly. The most costly option is DC Fast Charging, but it charges the quickest.
Plugging in EVs at Home
The most practical solution is to charge your EV at home, especially if you have a Level 2 charging station installed. You must install a 240-volt outlet if you intend to charge your automobile at home. It’s vital to remember that hiring an electrician to install the outlet for you can get pricey. On the other hand, some electricity providers could provide incentives or refunds to aid with installation costs.
EV Charging Protocols
It’s critical to follow the charging protocol as more people switch to electric vehicles in order to guarantee that charging stations are available to all. Here are some pointers to remember:
Move your car so that someone else can use the charging station after your battery is fully charged. Don’t hoard the charger.
Refrain from unplugging another person’s automobile: If a charging station is empty when you get there, avoid unplugging another person’s vehicle in order to charge your own.
Avoid leaving your car unplugged when parking in a charging spot. This is rude to other electric vehicle owners who also need to charge their batteries.
EV Charging Summary
Although it might seem complicated at first, EV charging is simple to understand with a little bit of practise. For charging your EV, there are many of practical and reasonably priced choices available, whether you’re at home or on the move.