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Home » From Bad Breath to Bleeding Gums: Common Symptoms of Periodontal Disease

From Bad Breath to Bleeding Gums: Common Symptoms of Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease, often known as gum disease, is a widespread oral health issue that affects millions of people around the world. It is a progressive disease that damages the gum tissues and structures that support the teeth. Understanding periodontal disease’s early signs and symptoms is critical for early detection and efficient treatment. In this post, we will look at the symptoms of periodontal disease and offer advice on what to do if you feel you have it.

Inflammation and bleeding of the gums:

Redness, swelling, and pain of the gums are early indications of periodontal disease. Gums that are healthy are firm and pale pink in colour. During the early stages of gum disease, the gums may seem glossy, swollen, and easily bleed when brushing or flossing. If you have persistent gum inflammation and bleeding, you should see a dentist for a full examination.

Gum recession and visible tooth roots:

The gum tissues may begin to recede as periodontal disease worsens, exposing more of the tooth roots. Receding gums can make the teeth appear longer, and tiny spaces between the teeth and the gums may occur. This can result in the formation of gaps in which bacteria can grow, leading to additional infection and damage to the underlying components that support the teeth.

Chronic Bad Breath:

Periodontal disease can be indicated by halitosis, or persistent bad breath. Bacteria and infection in the gum pockets can cause foul-smelling gases, resulting in chronic bad breath. Brushing, flossing, and using mouthwash on a regular basis may provide temporary relief, but addressing the underlying gum disease is required for long-term freshness.

Sensitive Teeth or Loose Teeth:

Periodontal disease can also cause tooth sensitivity, especially when eating or drinking hot or cold foods. The teeth may become loose or move position as the infection develops and affects the gum tissues and supporting bone structures. Tooth mobility is a dangerous sign of advanced periodontal disease that necessitates rapid professional intervention to avoid tooth loss.

Abscess Formation and Pus Formation:

When periodontal disease progresses, it can cause pus pockets or abscesses to form around the teeth. Abscesses are infection-filled pockets that can cause extreme discomfort, swelling, and even fever. If you observe any signs of a tooth abscess, you should seek dental care right once to prevent the infection from spreading.

How to Treat Periodontal Disease:

If you have any of the aforementioned symptoms, it is critical that you act quickly to manage periodontal disease. Here are some procedures to follow:

Schedule a dental appointment with a periodontist or dentist who specialises in gum health. They can determine the severity of your condition and offer appropriate treatment choices through a thorough oral examination.

Maintain a rigorous oral hygiene programme, including regular brushing, flossing, and the use of an antimicrobial mouthwash. Proper dental hygiene can help slow the onset of periodontal disease and prevent complications.

Professional Dental Cleaning: Also known as scale and root planing, a professional dental cleaning can remove plaque, tartar, and bacteria from the gum line and tooth surfaces. This method aids in the reduction of inflammation and the control of gum infection.

Surgical procedures: To restore damaged gum and bone structures in advanced periodontal disease, surgical procedures such as flap surgery, bone grafting, or guided tissue regeneration may be required.

Maintenance and follow-up: Periodontal disease necessitates continual management and maintenance. Regular dental check-ups and cleanings are essential for monitoring the condition and preventing disease recurrence or advancement.


Recognising periodontal disease symptoms and taking proper treatment is critical for maintaining your dental health. Early detection and treatment can help prevent future gum, tooth, and supporting structure damage. If you notice any signs of gum disease, see a dentist who can make an accurate diagnosis and design a personalised treatment plan to control and enhance your oral health. Remember that proper oral hygiene habits along with regular dental care are essential for avoiding and controlling periodontal disease.